Most people with diabetes realize they need vigilance when it comes to their blood glucose because it affects so many areas of their body such as the heart, kidneys, liver and eyes, but some might forget this condition can wreak havoc on your teeth without proper attention.
Diabetics are known to have lower resistance toward infections; this can increase their risk for periodontal diseases including:
Tooth Decay – Dental caries is a progressive deterioration of the enamel, which can lead to the death and loss of the tooth. Salivary gland dysfunction is common in those with diabetics; this is the inability to make saliva, which contributes to an ideal location for the infection oral candidiasis.
Gingivitis – If a diabetic becomes careless with controlling their blood sugar, it can lead to bacteria thriving in the secretions of the mouth, creating a perfect environment for gingivitis. This periodontal disease manifest itself through inflammation and swelling around the base area of the teeth, in which plaque has developed.
Pyorrhea – This advance state of oral disease destroys the tissues and structure of the teeth, it causes the gum to separate from the bone supporting the teeth. This will create abscesses, as well as become a catalyst for the infected teeth to drop out without any warning.
It is crucial for a diabetic to be alert to what is going on with their oral health in correspondence with the state of their blood glucose. Keeping your numbers low, brushing at least twice a day, along with flossing before retiring for the night will go a long way in keeping a beautiful and healthy smile.
More importantly, visiting a dentist regularly for preventative measures like screenings and cleanings will help both of you prepare for any unseen issues.